Aboriginal Justice Strategy, Summative Evaluation. Within the study, offenders who participated in an AJS program are referred to throughout this summary as “program participants.” Offenders who did not participate in an AJS program are referred to as “comparison group members.” Criminal behaviour is defined in terms of criminal offences that result in convictions (or findings of guilt in the case of young offenders). A recent account of this problem came from the Correctional Investigator, who reported that the incarceration rate for Aboriginal people is still approximately 10 times higher than the rate for non-Aboriginal persons: “Aboriginals account for a disproportionate share of the prison population. Aboriginal communities face a range of challenges in the implementation of their community-based justice programs, including the high level of turnover among the community program staff and mainstream justice personnel (prosecutors, police offices) who refer Aboriginal offenders. A total of 63 individuals were interviewed. Alignment with government priorities and departmental strategic outcomes: 3. The Department realigned the AJS related policy functions to the Aboriginal Law and Strategic Policy group within the Aboriginal Affairs Portfolio, as a result of its policy capacity. The Aboriginal Justice Caucus, consisting of Aboriginal Elders and leaders, is leading the development of the first Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy, which will be informed by the work of the Koori Youth Justice Taskforce, led by the Commissioner for Aboriginal Children and … For more information, please read B.C. In 2004, Aboriginal people were more likely than non-Aboriginal people to have come into contact with police as victims of crime (13% compared to 7%), as witnesses to a crime (11% compared to 6%), or by virtue of being arrested (5% compared to 1%). Introduction. Final Report. Since 2013, this has been underpinned by a … As the table shows, recidivism rates are significantly lower among program participants at every point in time after completing the program. In collaboration with the Aboriginal Justice Directorate, the Aboriginal Law and Strategic Policy group leads federal-provincial-territorial working groups on Aboriginal justice issues and the renewal process for the AJS, and provides legal advice on self-government negotiations. In addition, the information was shared with participants in an open manner and communities felt more ownership over the results. An Aboriginal Justice College will be needed to provide training and continuing education for the Aboriginal people required to assume positions of responsibility within both the existing justice system and Aboriginal justice systems. It is in this context that the Department of Justice has been funding community-based justice programs for the past 16 years, including the past five years under the current AJS funding allocation that is the object of this evaluation.  In addition to this, the AJS has gained eager partners and participants, both provinces and territories, as well as Aboriginal communities. These activities operate jointly, supporting and complementing one another in meeting the overall objectives of the AJS. Playing a role in building stronger communities through a healing process. This study provides insights into the impact of AJS programs on clients’ likelihood of re-offending over time. This work takes place within a legal and policy framework designed to be … 61 and 64. Conclusions, Reccommendations and Management Response. A Strategy for Action. The AJS was established as part of the federal government response to the over-representation of Aboriginal people in the Canadian justice system. Publication date: Wednesday, 19 December 2018 The Department of Justice has released a new Aboriginal Employment Strategy 2019-2022 to create pathways for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to join the department and progress their careers and development. B.C.  See Department of Justice (2002). With the enhanced funding for the AJS announced in the 2007 Budget, this number will increase, particularly in the target areas of urban communities, northern regions, and programs that target youth.  The Correctional Investigator Canada. THE ABORIGINAL JUSTICE STRATEGY. Thank you for participating in the evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS). By sharing their own experiences in a circle, other people involved in the resolution of an offence, such as justice committee members, family members, and Elders, are also provided with a means of healing. The value of having Aboriginal offenders participate in community-based justice programs is becoming increasingly recognized. Initially program coordinators expressed some mistrust of conventional evaluation approaches. Search. Aboriginal Justice Strategy. This section of the report describes the AJS. ... primarily through an Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy, which is in the early stages of development. Many people believed both cases reflected discrimination in the justice system. They included contributions from both the federal and provincial governments, and, in most cases, considered two recent fiscal years of activities and expenditures. The administration of justice in Aboriginal societies is relationship-centred and attempts to take into account the consequences of dispositions on individuals and the community, as well as on the offender. More specifically, the AJS pursues three objectives: The AJS includes six program components that can be grouped into two categories, namely community-based activities, which are supported through contribution agreements, and support measures, which are carried out internally within the Department of Justice. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, 2016. The Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy will complement the ground-breaking Wungurilwil Gapgapduir: Aboriginal Children and Families Agreement, which aims to address the overrepresentation of Aboriginal young people in out-of-home care. Community-based justice programs are seen as a mechanism that allow for different approaches to be expressed institutionally. their average age was just under 29 years old; only a small portion (8.78%) were youth under the age of 18; most had never been convicted of a crime prior to their referral to the AJS program(60.67%); and. As part of the impact evaluation of the AJS, we would like to seek your input regarding … To what extent are the AJS objectives aligned with Government of Canada priorities? , Researchers have found that much of the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in the justice system can be traced to socio-economic conditions and historical factors. With regards to Indigenous youth, there has been an even more significant decrease in admissions to provincial/territorial correctional services (both custody … Evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. Published: May 1, 2019 . This work includes an increased focus on decision making, accountability, governance and oversight, as well as specific initiatives to strengthen an Aboriginal community-led response. For more information, visit B.C. It is a successful program that helps steer Aboriginal people away from a lifestyle of crime, provides hope and opportunity for Aboriginal youth and helps end cycles of violence." Helping to re-establish connections between the offenders, the victims, and the community; Opening up communication and providing a forum for dialogue between people affected by either an offence or another issue brought to one of the programs, a forum which would not generally be available through the mainstream justice system; and. Participants, however, were open to the photovoice process and the combination of stories and photos helped to illustrate the impacts that AJS programs are having within the communities. It transferred the Aboriginal Justice Directorate, which was formally included in the Aboriginal Affairs Portfolio, to the Programs Branch within the Policy Sector (see Figure 2). The AJS has undergone a series of renewals and expansions, culminating in the recent 2007 Budget announcement to renew the AJS until 2012. This is especially important for those cases where the victims and offenders live in small or isolated communities. While it initially allocated $11.5 million annually to AJS in the current funding allocation, the federal government applied budget-reallocation and adjustments to the AJS such that the program's actual allocation has been varying between $9.4 and $10.3 annually (see Table 1 for details). The AJS pursues objectives that relate both to the administration of justice within Aboriginal communities and to the administration of the mainstream justice system. Other related developments were specific amendments to the Criminal Code that Parliament adopted in 1995 to deal with diversion and sentencing: In sum, both the funding provided to community-based justice programs and the changes to the Criminal Code reflect a desire to divert, when applicable and reasonable, offenders from the mainstream justice system, and to consider a variety of sanctions other than imprisonment when offenders—and particularly Aboriginal offenders—do end-up in the mainstream justice system. The AJS may cover up to 100 percent of the activities under this component. Evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. In 2005-06, close to 70 percent of the total AJS funding went to support such programs, which provincial and territorial governments also support through direct funding or in-kind contributions. "The Aboriginal Justice Strategy builds on this Government's commitment to reduce and prevent crime, strengthen the justice system and promote safer communities. Aboriginal people believe care has to be taken so that actions to control the offender do not bring hardship to others. Victims often benefit from their involvement with AJS programs because they are given a voice in the process through things such as healing circles and community sentencing. The participation of other elements of the justice system was also identified to be critical to the success of the AJS. Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; Appendix 1 Aboriginal People in the Canadian Justice System: Statistics. The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples issued a particularly disturbing conclusion on this issue: “The Canadian criminal justice system has failed the Aboriginal peoples of Canada – First Nations, Inuit and Métis people, on-reserve and off-reserve, urban and rural – in all territorial and governmental jurisdictions. has many programs, services and resources to help and support Aboriginal people and communities involved with the criminal justice system. Publications & Resources; In 2007, LAO began developing an Aboriginal Justice Strategy to help meet the needs of First Nations communities across Ontario. In June 2006, the Department of Justice realigned the AJS management structure as follows: When the federal government first launched the AJS in 1996, it allocated $4.5 million annually to the program, a figure that increased to $8.6 million annually by the end of the first funding allocation in 2000-01. 4.2 Greater Aboriginal community leadership and strategic decision making. Community-based justice programs have emerged as an alternative to the mainstream justice system, allowing Aboriginal communities to address some conflicts in accordance with their own values of caring and healing. Capacity building components are available to communities that do not yet have community-based programs or communities that run such programs. Structure of the report Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; 1. Are there any emerging needs? Crime statistics provide an incomplete, yet, helpful illustration of this important gap in program reach. Furthermore, as more Aboriginal people become involved in justice administration, a greater understanding of Aboriginal needs will evolve and, consequently, contribute to the necessary conditions for sustainable improvements within the mainstream justice system. "The Aboriginal Justice Strategy builds on this Government's commitment to reduce and prevent crime, strengthen the justice system and promote safer communities. The Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada contributes $2 million annually while the Department of Justice contributes the remaining portion. Sources: Statistics Canada, 2016, Cansim Tables 251-0022. What are the strengths, challenges, and concerns your community has in dealing with justice issues? As part of the impact evaluation of the AJS, we would like to seek your input regarding the relevance and performance of the AJS. Despite this progress, however, community-based justice programs are still only reaching a small portion of Aboriginal offenders.  R. v. Gladue . A number of communities also offer a mix of models that may include diversion or alternative measures. Of this total, approximately 4,500 clients were accepted for non-violent Criminal Code offences. The core objective of this evaluation is to review AJS activities that were funded between 2002-03 and 2006-07 and assess their impacts. In partnership with the BC Government, the BCFNJC seeks to transform the criminal justice system by implementing the BC First Nations Justice Strategy. The Aboriginal Justice Strategy.. [Canada. Date modified: 2017-02-10 Section menu About Us. Develop the Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy to strengthen young people’s connection to family, community and culture, and put in place the interventions and supports needed to reduce offending. Quality training for program staff was identified to be extremely important to the success of a program as was corporate memory for such things as best practices. 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